The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

The world's second-largest economy is catching up to traditional innovation front-runners, who were led again this year by Switzerland, Sweden, Britain and the United States, said the annual report by the U.N.'s World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), INSEAD Business School and Cornell University.

长租公寓来了你还买房吗?专家:配套制度要跟上

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31岁的罗西每天的工作就是计算五角大楼在养老、医疗和教育福利方面未来的成本。但他说,这份工作不仅仅是鼓捣电子表格数据。他还要与其它政府部门进行沟通,并就金融模型与同事举行头脑风暴会议。
会。供应中断和地缘政治风险因素很可能会持续出现,同时伴随着全球生产商限产。但价格能否保持在70美元或以上水平取决于:在美国页岩油供应不断增长的情况下,俄罗斯是否愿意继续支持沙特阿拉伯牵头的限产努力。参与限产的其他国家也需要继续坚定地遵守协议——随着各国政府受益于油价上涨,继续遵守协议的动力将越来越小。
“中国的处境真的很艰难,”彼得斯博士说。“在过去大概十年时间里,排放量增加如此之快,不管怎么看待中国,它的任务都很艰巨。”

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 西安航天动力研究所关于张小平离职事件的情况说明 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

积极囤钱谨慎囤地 房企进入“过冬模式”

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

澳大利亚一名女子将其猫咪们遗弃在家里,最后这些猫咪们竟同类相食,目前该女子已被判虐待动物罪。
New investment in Europe was up 28 per cent on the $18bn registered in 2014, a smaller increase than 2014’s doubling of the 2013 figure. Investment in the US was up 17 per cent compared on 2014’s level of $12.8bn.
Don’t cry for the WTO
在进行融资时,约40%的创业者并未寻求任何外部帮助。他们中的半数完全依靠自己的积蓄及(或者)家人和朋友的资助,相比之下,只有40%的创业者向学校或校友网络寻求帮助。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

越南昆岛——越南昆岛曾是臭名昭著的昆岛监狱所在地,由16座独立的小岛组成;现在,它的美景及海鲜正变得越来越有名气。
74个重点城市细颗粒物(PM2.5)年均浓度下降9.1%;
A devastating financial crisis led business owners and corporate executives to be especially wary about adding staff or investing in new equipment. Some worry about risks from Washington or overseas. Others are seeing consumers maintain their slow-but-steady spending, providing little incentive to deploy their cash stockpiles.

自愿放弃社保 离职可否获补偿?

adj. 方便的,便利的
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The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 陶卫品牌互换总经理 乐华集团品牌战略或将调整 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

Johan Pettersson被授予搞笑化学奖,以表彰其揭示了瑞典小城Andersl?v居民的头发会变绿的原因,因为这里的水中含铜量太大。
'The book is true to the character and keeps him as fans would want him, which is as the original hard-bitten guy,' he said.
n. 草稿,草图,汇票,徵兵
If successful, Hurun estimates that Mr Wang’s net worth could soar past $50bn, making him one of the world’s 10 richest men.

家具企业“明星站台”真的有效吗?

To put this all in a bit more perspective, the current World Cup is averaging more goals than any of the top leagues around the world averaged in 2013/14. TheNetherlands' Eredivisie was the highest scoring of the top European leagues at 3.20 and the Bundesliga was just a shade behind at 3.16. No other top European league averaged more than 2.80 last season. In theAmericas, Major League Soccer is the current pace setter at 2.89 goals per game.
一位伦敦软件神童的“硅谷梦”成真,雅虎(Yahoo)斥资近3000万美元收购了他制作的新闻应用。
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AT&T和时代华纳(Time Warner)会在不作出大的妥协(比如出售美国有线新闻网(CNN))的情况下完成合并吗?
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7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

13个原因
星期三,2014年春晚主持名单公布,包括了朱军、董卿、毕福剑、李思思和张国立。作为电影演员和导演的张国立会首次主持央视每年举办的春晚。
新建的房产将给那些财大气粗的租房者提供奢华的居住选择,它们大多位于曼哈顿以外的行政区。根据花旗居屋的数据,在布鲁克林,预计有6527个新的出租单元,将于明年(2015年——译注)投放租赁市场,比曼哈顿3802个单元多出近一倍。
根据官方数据显示,今年前10个月中国对外非金融类投资同比下降40.9%,这反映出中国政府严格的资本管控带来持续影响。
This can involve everything from not responding to e-mails to not being aware of how you come across in an e-mail. If you have a bad habit of taking too long to check or respond to e-mails, you could miss important meetings or deadlines, cause delays or confusion, or come off as unprofessional.

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

大力促进就业创业。

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

在经历了艰辛的法律诉讼之后,凯莎发表的一切都会给人一种胜利的假象。但这张回归专辑用艺术反映了一位勇士的呐喊,并带来了比所有人期望中更为强大的影响力。
弗兰西斯麦克多蒙德在这个黑色喜剧故事中扮演一位悲伤的母亲,展现了出色的核心表演。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

Learn to control your emotions, control your thoughts, get over fear of rejection and learn to open up.

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)