The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

在不久的将来,罗根(休?杰克曼饰)已迈入暮年。他在墨西哥边境附近的一个藏身所里照顾着重病的X教授(帕特里克?斯图尔特饰)。他计划隐世度日,但他遇见了一个非常像他的年轻变异人劳拉(达芙妮?基恩饰)后,这个计划搁置了。罗根必须保护这个女孩,与要捕杀她的黑暗势力斗争。

二线城市房价涨幅收窄 合肥调控新政效果初显

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根据国内领先的求职平台前程无忧近日发布的一份关于2016年应届毕业生的研究报告显示,52.11%的高校毕业生已找到工作或自主创业。
Please accept our wishes for you and yours for a happy New Year.
但“平均”讲的是以前的情况,不是未来的事实。乐观言论不会让牛市重启,新的警告声音也不会刺破旧的泡沫。周期有自己的生命,该上行的时候上行,该下行的时候下行。这是很自然的事情。

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 广东:异地购房提取公积金暂未停止 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

多地试点人脸识别社保认证 “刷脸”办事靠谱吗?

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

4.阿迪达斯。品牌喜爱度:35%/排名:25
intimidating
Best Luxury Brand: Porsche
再来看一下流失顾客的公司吧。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

[?m'fibi?s]
上海社会科学院的专家周海旺告诉环球时报:“上海自2014以来就采取了一系列强硬措施,包括改造城中村和规范群租来控制人口增长。”
最佳二人组:汤普森广场

张敬伟:如何治愈三、四线城市的楼市消化不良?

所以我不知道2014会发生什么——谁也不知道。但在我的想象中,它会是这样的:
6.The Stock Market Plunge

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 成都房租涨幅高达30.98%?核查:1-7月增长3.9% to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

"Even though these two researchers worked independently of one another, the combination of Shapley's basic theory and Roth's empirical investigations, experiments and practical design has generated a flourishing field of research and improved the performance of many markets," the academy said.
《敦刻尔克》是克里斯托佛.诺兰第二部背景设定不在当代(或未来)的电影,这部战争片描绘了在敦刻尔克营救数十万大军的史诗般宏大场面。该片由汤姆.哈迪、马克.里朗斯、肯尼斯.布莱纳,斯里安.墨菲以及哈里.斯泰尔丝出演。想一想《拯救大兵瑞恩》,不过比这更刺激。
时间:2009-10-26 编辑:vicki
Call it the crisis of whiteness.

5000元/月“起征点”下月实施 你能少缴多少个税

5.E-Cigarettes
2016年,中国电影票房经历了一次令人震惊的调整,从2015年的48%大幅下降到3.7%。
[pr?s'periti]
10. 米歇尔?詹尼克(澳大利亚跨栏运动员)
以下就是关于这些交易——或者那些本应发生的交易——的盘点,我们来看看今年交易截止日的赢家和输家分别是谁。
46岁的姚振华以深圳为大本营,在房地产上赚取了第一桶金。但他的净财富之所以能在一年内增长约8倍,凭借的是他旗下的宝能集团(Baoneng Group)进军保险业和随后对房地产业竞争对手万科(Vanke)展开“突袭”。万科在中国多座城市拥有业务。
After weeks of nail-biting auditions and five days of tense semi-finals, Britain’s Got Talent picked one of the 11 acts to be the 2014 champion.
Immigrant populations in Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee have more than tripled since 1990, noted Lee Drutman, a senior fellow at the New America Foundation, in an analysis for Vox. Anxiety over those changes may explain why the Republican Party became so much more focused on limiting immigration over that period — and why white voters in those states overwhelmingly support Mr. Trump.
华尔街、大街上和华盛顿的每一个人都在不断地忘记市场周期的基本原理。请记住:《笑傲股市》(How to Make Money in Stocks)作者、《投资者商务日报》(Investors Business Daily)的比尔?奥尼尔(Bill O'Neill)说,市场的上行周期平均为3.75年,下行周期平均为九个月。

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

Anna Faith Carlson, 18, became an online sensation when she posted a picture of her posing next to a cardboard cutout of Elsa a few months ago.
先是“非典”,接下来是全球范围的H5N1以及H1N1流感大爆发。全球化也无能为力。现在地球实际就是一个小村庄,这也使得病毒在几小时内,就能轻而易举地从北京传播到波士顿。2010我们是否会再次遭遇另一场“甲流”?
我们要让权力不能任性,就得把那些不应该有的权力砍掉,有些涉及到部门利益,要压缩寻租的空间。这不是一个简单的过程,从中央政府一直到地方、到基层,要打通“最后一公里”。
[?'p?uzd]
n. 硅

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

梅的政府提出了一条规则,以公开羞辱雇佣外国工人的雇主。她的第一次重要讲话中充满了对多元文化主义的尖锐讽刺,比如讽刺那些自称“世界公民”的人其实“哪儿的公民也不是”。

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

2012年中国网游市场将占全球半壁江山
China’s bid to close its own Asia-Pac deal

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

圣加伦大学在校友满意度方面排名居首。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)